Auditory Processing Disorders

What we know and what we can do to help
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What is an Auditory Processing Disorder?

Despite having normal hearing sensitivity, people with auditory processing disorders (APD) have difficulty processing and interpreting auditory information. The ear detects and transmits sound to the brain normally, but when the orally presented information goes to the brain, the child or adult has problems interpreting or understanding it accurately or efficiently.

Signs of an Auditory Processing Disorder

Difficulty understanding speech in the presence of background noise

Difficulty remembering auditory information

Difficulty organizing sounds in a proper sequence

Problems successfully combining auditory and visual information

Difficulty with localization of sound

Problems attending to different information presented to opposite ears

A consistent delay in response to a question or instructions

Difficulty with reading, spelling, reading comprehension

Difficulty following a string of directions delivered orally

How is an Auditory Processing Disorder Diagnosed?

At Aberdeen Audiology, we primarily use the Buffalo Model for diagnosing and treating auditory processing issues, which was developed by Jack Katz, Ph.D. while at the University of Buffalo We assess patients (ages 7 years and older) on the degree to which they deviate from the norms on several listening tests. The tests measure a person’s performance in four categories:

1. Decoding

The ability to quickly and accurately process phonemes, or, the sounds of speech.

2. Tolerance-Fading Memory

The ability to understand speech while in competing noise and the necessary short-term memory capacity to do so.

3. Organization

The ability to store orally presented information in the brain.

4. Integration

The ability for the left and right hemispheres of the brain to communicate.

Treating Auditory Processing Disorders

Most commercially available programs provide practice related to general auditory processing skills, whereas the Buffalo Model’s treatment targets the specific areas of weakness identified in the APD testing. This program relies on the anatomy and physiology of the central auditory nervous system regions. We identify the child’s specific deficits which are associated with specific academic and communication difficulties.

For a trained doctor of audiology (Au.D.) an Auditory Processing Disorder is not very difficult to identify, classify, or even to remediate. It is estimated that 20 percent of the school age population has APD. The therapy associated with this model works directly on those areas found to be related to the diagnosed APD categories. Therefore, it is a deficit specific therapy, which allows extensive training in the child’s weak areas. Most commercially available programs only provide practice related to general auditory processing skills. Working one-to-one with a professional on auditory training can develop the skills and strategies specific to the child’s deficit.


  • Once a week for 50 minutes.
  • 10-15 sessions
  • About 10% will require a second round of therapy
  • 2-3% will require a third round
  • Follow-up by retest.


If you suspect that you or your children has an auditory processing disorder, please contact our office to schedule a consultation. We look forward to working with you. 

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230 Sugartown Road Ste 10
Wayne, Pennsylvania 19087
(610) 688-6003

ABC Hearing Location

790 E Market St, Ste 180
West Chester, Pennsylvania 19382
(610) 431-2411


M-F: Hours by Appointment Only
We currently are not accepting walk-ins.

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